Social distance in Montenegro (2014)

Chronicles Montenegro

by ADP­Zid

Podgorica, 2014

Constitution, as the supreme legal act, defines Montenegro as a state of all its citizens, where members of
different ethnic and religious groups have the same rights and obligations and where the citizen is the bearer of
sovereignty, not one or multiple nations. According to the last census (year 2011) there are the most
Montenegrins in Montenegro (44.98%), next, the most numerous is the Serbian community to follow (28.73%),
then 8.65 percent of Bosniaks, 4.91 percent of Albanians and 3:31 percent of Muslims. In the past ten years,
major incidents based on ethnic differences have not been reported, i.e. there has been no organized and
systematic violence against an ethnic group. Nevertheless, there are major issues burdening the relations among
ethnic groups in Montenegro. The issue of the status of the Orthodox Church in Montenegro strains relations
between Serbs and Montenegrins, also too much controversy about the language and its name, representatives
of the Muslim community often point out that they are exposed to assimilation by Bosniak leaders, the position
and status of Roma population…

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